Posted in Anne Boleyn, Crime and Punishment, Tudor London

19th May 1536: Queen of England executed for treason…

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Anne Boleyn by Hans Holbein wearing a linen coif like the one she wore for her execution.

Before her execution Anne Boleyn heard Mass and took Holy Communion for the last time. She declared her innocence before and after taking the Eucharist before witnesses. This is important because She believed, like all Tudors, that if she lied that she would be condemned to hell.

No commoners mocked or goaded the Queen on the way to the scaffold because it was a private execution within the tower walls. Anne kept looking behind her as if waiting for a message from her husband. The message that never came.

Her ermine cloak, a symbol of Royalty, was removed from her shoulders by her ladies. She took off her English Gable hood and tucked her long chestnut brown hair into a coif. She then said goodbye to the ladies who had been with her during her incarceration. After her arrest, Anne said the King knew that none of these women were her friends and that they had been sent to spy on her. Nevertheless every one of those woman wept.  As the horror of her death became a stark reality. She asked her ladies to pray for her. One of them tied a blindfold over her eyes.

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Posted in Tudor London

London’s heart of stone? Excalibur? King Arthur’s sword in the stone? What is the London stone?

 The London Stone was originally situated on the south side of medieval Candlewick Street (Now Cannon Street) opposite the west end of  St Swithins church. This was very close to the homes of Henry VII’s financial agents Edmund Dudley and his next door neighbour Richard Epson. Both  were falsely executed as traitors in 1510 and were Henry VIII’s first scapegoats for his father’s unpopular policies.

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The square marks the spot on the Agas map

Continue reading “London’s heart of stone? Excalibur? King Arthur’s sword in the stone? What is the London stone?”