In 1597 a Royal pamphlet was published about werewolves, the classification of demons, witches and black magic. It explained and endorsed the reasons for persecuting witches in a Christian society under the rule of law. It included methods of discovering witches and told the ‘misinformed populace’ of the practices, the implications and dangers of sorcery.
Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley was the mastermind behind the world’s first secret service under the direction of Francis Walsingham. Their spy network included code-breakers, Priest hunters and Catholic double agents. Cecil was Elizabeth I’s chief adviser, was Secretary of State, Lord High Treasurer and the Lord privy seal.
Saint Thomas’s hospital in London was founded in around 1106 and was named after the popular Saint Thomas Becket, who it was believed had miraculous healing powers. The hospital community was shattered by Henry VIII’s policy of the forced dissolution of the monasteries. Thomas Cromwell’s deputy, Richard Layton, visited the ‘bawdy’’ hospital in 1538. The master, Richard Mabott, was accused of selling the hospital’s silver and exacting excessive fees from patients. On 14th January 1540, the hospital was surrendered to the King and the monks were pensioned off.
The earliest recorded mention of the stocks being used as a form of punishment was 4700 years ago. ‘He puts my feet in the stocks.’ Job 33:11.