Dr Steven Gunn has been trawling 16th Century coroners’ reports from 1551 to 1600 and researching accidental deaths in Tudor England. The results are both interesting and sad.
As far back as 1363 parliamentary laws insured that Englishmen spent their Sundays practicing archery with their Long bows. England had no standing army and archers could be needed at any time and come from all walks of life.
The coroners’ reports reveal that fifty six accidental deaths occurred by people standing too close to targets or by men collecting their fired arrows at the wrong time. Nicholas Wyborne was lying down near a target when he was hit by a falling arrow, which pierced him to a depth of six inches.
In 1552, Henry Pert, a gentleman of Welbeck in Nottinghamshire shot himself in the head with his own bow. Henry drew his bow to its full extent with the aim of shooting straight up into the air. The arrow lodged in the bow, and while he was leaning over to look at what had happened, the arrow was released. He died the next day.
Boil the eggs for five minutes. Meanwhile lightly brown the butter in a pan and allow it to cool. Then quickly stir in the other ingredients to the butter. When the eggs are ready peel them and quarter them. Arrange them on a dish. Reheat the sauce and pour it over the eggs before serving.
BLURB: “Fresh from the palaces of Burgundy and France, Anne draws attention at the English court, embracing the play of courtly love. But when the King commands, nothing is ever a game. Anne has a spirit worthy of a crown – and the crown is what she seeks. At any price”
REVIEW: I am a huge fan of Alison Weir, and have been to see her give lectures on several occasions; I even have a signed copy of my favourite one of her books, ‘The Lady in the Tower’, a non-fiction book on Anne’s downfall. I have spoken to her about my research and writing ambitions, and she is genuinely a lovely woman. I am also a big Anne Boleyn fan, having written my undergraduate dissertation on how she was portrayed by Catholics and Protestants during the reign of her daughter, Elizabeth I – she is also now…
As King James V of Scotland lay on his sick-bed at his Palace in Fife in 1542, his French queen consort was giving birth to their daughter at Linlithgow Palace. James had just suffered a bitter loss to Henry VIII’s troops at the battle of Solway Moss and aged just 30 he was a broken man.
Legend says that James turned his head towards the wall when he heard the news of his only legitimate child’s birth and said, ‘Woe is me. My dynasty came with a lass. It will go with a lass.’ King James was right his Royal House did end with a woman but that woman would not be his daughter because the his blood line did not end until a century after his death.
In August 1485, Henry Tudor had just won his crown from Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth field. By October of the same year several thousand of his subjects would be dead of a mysterious new epidemic. It was called, ‘The English sweating sickness.’
Could this letter have been sent from Anne Boleyn to her husband, Henry VIII, while she was imprisoned in the Tower of London awaiting her trial or is it a forgery?
The letter in the British Library
A legend claims that ‘Anne’s’ letter was found amongst Thomas Cromwell’s belongings, In his rooms after his execution, in June 1540. The letter above is said to be a copy of Anne’s original letter which had been damaged.
Cromwell was the king’s Principal Secretary who many historians believe planned and arranged the fall of the Boleyn family and their friends in one foul sweep in May 1536. Cromwell certainly, gained prestige from the disgrace of the Boleyn family:
An ancient remedy found inside an old leather bound manuscript, called ‘Bald’s Leechbook,’ in the British library has been found to kill the MRSA super bug. The recipe which was designed to cure eye infections, called wens or sty’s, could hold the key to killing other antibiotic-resistant super-bugs. Dr. Erin Connelly at Nottingham University estimates that:
‘700,000 people around the world die annually from drug-resistant infections. If the situation does not change, it is estimated that such in will kill 10 million people per year by 2050.’
Before her execution Anne Boleyn heard Mass and took Holy Communion for the last time. She declared her innocence before and after taking the Eucharist before witnesses. This is important because She believed, like all Tudors, that if she lied that she would be condemned to hell.
No commoners mocked or goaded the Queen on the way to the scaffold because it was a private execution within the tower walls. Anne kept looking behind her as if waiting for a message from her husband. The message that never came.
Her ermine cloak, a symbol of Royalty, was removed from her shoulders by her ladies. She took off her English Gable hood and tucked her long chestnut brown hair into a coif. She then said goodbye to the ladies who had been with her during her incarceration. After her arrest, Anne said the King knew that none of these women were her friends and that they had been sent to spy on her. Nevertheless every one of those woman wept. As the horror of her death became a stark reality. She asked her ladies to pray for her. One of them tied a blindfold over her eyes.
Celebrated with dangerous sports, exotic rituals and wild festivities May Day has been celebrated in Britain for centuries. The cheese rolling festival: pictured below takes place in the Cotswolds each May. The cheese can reach speeds of 70mph during the race and their are no rules. Bones are broken and concussion is a regular injury.
An ancient Scottish legend says that if a young woman climbs Arthur’s seat hill peak on May Day and washes her face in the morning dew she will have lifelong beauty.
“Bringing in the May” in Tudor times was celebrated by people collecting flowers and branches at dawn to decorate the houses. May Day was once dedicated to Saint Mary and May Queens are traditionally innocent girls like the Virgin. Statues of Mary in Catholic England (pre the reformation) were crowned with blossom. Today some British Catholics wear blossoms in honour of Mary on the 1st of May
The students at the University of St Andrews above, run naked into the Icy North Sea at sunrise on May Day. There are torch lit processions too. This was the university which Prince William and his wife attended.
Padstow holds its annual ‘Obby-Oss day’ (Hobby Horse) which is one of the oldest fertility rites in the UK. Revellers dance with the ‘Oss’ through the streets of the town and sometimes through private gardens. They are accompanied by accordion players and followers dressed in white with red or blue sashes who sing the traditional “May Day” song. The whole town is decorated with springtime greenery, and every year thousands of people attend.
Cornwall, in southwest England, has a unique ‘Flower Boat’ ritual. A model ship named ‘The Black Prince’ is covered with flowers and is taken in procession to the beach where it is cast adrift.
May Day is a public holiday in the UK and many villages hold traditional fetes which include: Maypole dancing, crowning the May queen and Morris dancing.
The ‘Moorish dance,’ was popular at the Royal court in the 15th century. Courtiers blackened their faces to look like the exotic people they had heard lived overseas. In 1448 the payment of seven shillings was paid to ‘Moorish dancer’ by the Goldsmiths’ Company in London.
Then in 1600, the Shakespearean actor William Kempe Morris danced from London to Norwich making the traditional ‘Moorish dancing’ become ‘Morris dancing.’
The rural folk dance is usually accompanied by music played by an accordion. The dance has plenty of rhythmic skipping, handkerchief waving, stick thrusting and sword shaking. The male dancers wear bell pads on their shins and often wear decorative hats.
British expatriates form a large part of the Morris traditions in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and Hong Kong. There are also around 150 Morris sides (or teams) in the United States.
Villagers from Needham Market in Suffolk make their own boats to race on a local lake. The boats can be elaborate painted but they often sink very fast. Some ‘sailors’ dress as Vikings in their longboats or ‘Popeye the Sailor man’. In reality the race is more of a jovial ‘who can sink last contest,’ than a serious competition.
‘Jack in the Green’ who looks like a moving hedgerow and his bogies pictured above is a pre Tudor festival
The ‘May Day run,’ involves thousands of motorbikes taking a 55-mile trip from London to the Hastings. The event is not officially organised; the police only manage the traffic and volunteers manage the parking.
Anne Boleyn’s co-accused were were arrested for treason on May day 1536. Anne was arrested while watching a game of tennis at Greenwich Palace 2nd May.
During a bout of jousting on 24th January 1536, Henry VIII fell from his horse, Smashing to the ground with the fully armour plated horse landing on top of him. Henry lay unconscious and ‘Without speech,’ for two hours.
The impact that the consequent injuries had on his personality, his life and his government are often debated. Henry was a powerful man who was in constant and insufferable pain. His accident, clearly made him very aware of his own mortality and led to unprecedented changes in his life.
If the King had of died on that January day he would have left his kingdom in chaos. Not only because of his lack of a male heir but because Princess Elizabeth was a baby, his first daughter, Lady Mary, had been made illegitimate and his present Queen was the most unpopular woman in the country.
I had a good look at this image in the early hours of this morning and I noticed that the medallion does not show the usual ‘AB’ or ‘A’ initials. But instead, had the initials ‘AR, instead. Anne was a queen consort and not a queen regnant wasn’t she?
Well no. Anne was the only queen consort to be crowned with Saint Edwards crown (Which is reserved solely for the ruling monarch.) Making her a monarch too and means she was able to use the Initials ‘AR.’ Henry never crowned another queen after Anne died.
Link to the original site with lots of information: